Sting of a midge – symptoms, an itch and hypostasis from a sting of a midge what to do?

Sting of a midge – symptoms, an itch and hypostasis from a sting of a midge what to do?

Prevalence of midges on all globe is so wide that this species of insects does not live only in Antarctica. Therefore so many people daily are exposed to their attacks. It would seem that bad can make a millimetric insect to the massive person. But all complexity consists in virulence of their saliva in relation to fabrics of a human body. Each of subspecies of midges possesses different toxicity, causing versatile pathological deviations.

The general scientific name of reactions of an organism to stings of midges is called by simulidotoksikozam.

Features of circumstances of their receiving such:

  1. The highest probability of attack of midges is possible in hot summer months;

  2. Dwelling of these insects generally in coastal regions near fluid reservoirs and the forest district;

  3. Attacks are possible in day and morning time. In the evening and at night they sleep;

  4. Midges wait for the victims on stalks of high herbs and always attack in large quantities.

Symptoms of a sting of a midge

Manifestations of attack of midges do not keep themselves waiting long. Though in some situations of people can even not understand that to it it happened, without seeing and without feeling to what it underwent. It is connected with exclusive aggression of most of representatives of midges. They so quickly attack that receptors of skin do not manage to record irritation. At hit on a skin surface the midge instantly gnaws part of its superficial layers, greasing a wound surface with a saliva (the main difference from mosquitoes). It, carrying out an anesthetic role, certain time allows an insect to remain unnoticed. If the moment of a sting was not oshchushchen, the midge exhausts blood and a lymph from a wound surface that is necessary for its life cycle and reproduction of posterity.

Allergy to a sting of a midge

Contents of salivary glands of an insect which are presented by gemoliziruyushchy and allergenic substances are the cornerstone of such allergy. There is a regularity – the more painful sting, the reaction to it is stronger. It consists of manifestations which are very visually displayed in the table.

Group of symptoms

Than are shown

Local changes

  1. Primary damage of the top and lower extremities, is more rare than a trunk and the person;

  2. Reddening of skin in places of multiple stings;

  3. Dot wound in the center of the reddened center;

  4. Pain and burning in places of stings;

  5. Hypostasis and itch of affected areas and fabrics, adjacent to them;

  6. Different rashes from spots to bubbles or dense small knots (papules);

  7. Having combed wounds under a black scab in places;

General reactions

  1. Hyperthermia with temperature increase of a body from 37,1C to 39,3C;

  2. Increase in sizes of regionarny lymph nodes and their morbidity;

  3. The accelerated heartbeat (tachycardia);

  4. Lowering of arterial pressure;

Degree of expressiveness of intoxication and local reactions depends on several factors:

  1. Species of midges and quantity of stings;

  2. Immune status of an organism and age of the person;

  3. Tendencies to allergic reactions;

  4. Individual intolerance of components of a saliva of midges;

  5. Infections of the bitten wounds with an infection at their combing.

Sting of a midge – symptoms, an itch and hypostasis from a sting of a midge what to do?

Clinical manifestations, duration and symptoms of stings, and also their outcomes depend on degree of these conditions or their combination. Development of anaphylactic shock that demands immediate resuscitation actions can be the most critical manifestation. But fortunately, it meets seldom.

Itch from a sting of a midge

Itch – the most main complaint of most of people. The itch very resistant also forces to comb the struck places that aggravates a condition of skin even more. But regularity – the more an itch and local manifestations is recorded, the extent of all-toxic reactions is less. The organism thus limits process only to a place of localization of the center of intoxication.

The itch in itself as protective reaction, has double character. On the one hand it signals about danger, with another – becomes the reason of further changes. Therefore by right it is possible to call this symptom central in development of local changes at stings of a midge. Everything is connected with that people constantly comb places of stings, bringing pathogenic gnoyerodny microorganisms in thickness of the injured skin. It becomes the reason of progressing of local changes from soft fabrics, their suppuration and the long course of wound process.

How to remove hypostasis from a sting of a midge?

Puffiness of skin in a zone of stings is one more of the main symptoms of multiple stings of a midge. It should be noted that it has resistant character, a long time bringing discomfort together with an itch. Massive emission of the substances causing an inflammation in soft fabrics becomes the reasons of puffiness. Sometimes it has so extensive and expressed character that extends on sites, remote from a sting (the head, a neck, a face). Such manifestations by means of the methods given in the table are eliminated.

Type of hypostasis

Necessary actions

Local hypostasis

  1. Obkladyvaniye of the bitten zones cold;

  2. Pridavlivaniye of edematous areas. Can be dot (only places of stings) or by means of elastichesky bandage at widespread hypostasis;

  3. Lotions with semi-spirit (alcohol with water 1:1) or hypertensive (salt) solutions;

  4. Rubbing by boric alcohol;

  5. Local putting the hormonal ointments having antiedematous effect (a hydrocortisone, sinaflan, trimistin, triderm, kremgen);

  6. Local antiallergic preparations – were fenistit by gel, tsinovit cream;

General puffiness

  1. System (intravenous, intramuscular, tableted) – tavegit introduction of antihistamines, loratadin, klaritin, L-tset, diazolin;

  2. Therapy by glucocorticoids: metilprednizolon, hydrocortisone, dexamethasone;

  3. Antiedematous preparations (a L-lysine estsinat, attracts, furosemide;

The volume of the actions directed on reduction of hypostasis depends on intensity and the speed of its
increase. In most cases it is necessary to deal with local puffiness which not bad gives in to elimination under the influence of the given local actions. But in case of its lightning increase as anaphylactic allergic reaction with distribution to a neck and respiratory organs there is a direct threat of human life. Reaction has to be immediate. Provide to such patients a free access of air and as soon as possible transport in the nearest medical institution. Fortunately, at stings of a midge such happens seldom.

What to do, than to treat a sting of a midge?

Very often multiple stings of a midge become the real problem not only concerning unpleasant symptomatology, but also stability on the way to its elimination. In most cases traces from stings disturb patients on an extent of a long time (2-3 weeks). Especially it is actual if not to undertake about it any actions or to be limited only to some of the necessary. Approach has to be complex, directed on blocking of all links of pathogenesis of an illness. Only this way it is possible to prevent possible complications.

At the typical course of wound process on a sting of a midge the sequence of changes looks so: a sting – rashes – an itch – raschesa – infection of skin – formation of a wound with an inflammation of a surrounding cover. The same accurate sequence of actions has to be connected to medical process, corresponding to pathological changes. The volume of necessary actions depending on staging of process is presented in the table form.

Type of changes

Volume of actions

The sting at the time of receiving which is followed by pain, burning

  1. To wash out a skin surface clear cold water, it is better with a simple gray laundry soap;

  2. To dry the blotting movements. It is impossible to pound;

  3. Pridavlivaniye of places of stings fingers or subjects for some minutes;

  4. Processing by solutions of anti-septic tanks on a water or spirit basis (Furacilin, hlorgeksidin, dekasan);

  5. Reception of the anesthetizing and protivoallergiyny preparations (paracetamol, imt, diazolin, klaritin)

The rashes arising in a few minutes or hours after receiving a sting.

  1. Lotions from soda solution (1 teaspoon on a glass of water);

  2. If antihistaminic preparations were not accepted, them surely enter;

  3. Rubbing by liquid ammonia

The itch accompanying stings at all stages of wound process

  1. Local putting protivozudny ointments and gels (fenistit, tsinovit cream);

  2. It is strictly forbidden to comb places of stings;

  3. Easy stroking of skin and closing with the damp drying bandage with novocaine (0,5%), Furacilin, semi-spirit solution

Raschesa, the terms presented by blankets

  1. Ointments of a glucocorticoid row (Prednisolonum, gioksizon);

  2. Antiseptic ointments (tetracycline, oflokain);

  3. Preparations on the basis of iodine (betadin);

  4. Lotions with boric acid

Infection of skin with formation of wounds

  1. Daily toilet of wounds with soap solution;

  2. Washing of 3% hydrogen peroxide;

  3. Lotions or washing by water antiseptics (hlorgeksidin, dekasan). Spirit solutions can be used only on the uninjured skin as they cause burning;

  4. Closing of wounds with mazevy antiseptic bandages (levosin, levomekol, oflokain);

  5. In case of the expressed temperature or local inflammatory reaction antibiotics are appointed (augmentin, azitromitsin, ciprofloxacin)

Covering of wounds black scab

  1. Are subject to surgical processing with removal of a scab under which pus can accumulate;

  2. Processing of wounds according to the above described scheme;

  3. Local use of hormonal ointments on the reddened skin for reduction of an inflammation;

  4. Antibacterial therapy

Healing of wounds

  1. Daily bandagings with water antiseptics;

  2. Wound healing ointments and gels (methyluracil, aktovegin, solkoserit, bepanten, pantenol, tsinovit cream)

That never you should not do:

  1. To process places of stings hygienic means from the category of household chemicals. It can provoke aggravation of allergic manifestations;

  2. To comb the struck areas;

  3. To apply hormonal ointments directly on wounds. It will cause burning and will slow down their healing. They are put strictly round wounds in a zone of the reddened skin;

  4. To neglect application of antibiotics or antiallergic means in the presence of indications;

  5. Independently to appoint to itself the listed groups of preparations. The request for the help and medical control are obligatory!!!

Folk remedies from a sting of a midge

Sting of a midge – symptoms, an itch and hypostasis from a sting of a midge what to do?

As in the conditions of receiving stings of a midge seldom there is an opportunity to use special means if they are not present in the first-aid kit, there is a need to resort to application of make-shifts. Sometimes traditional medicine does not concede by efficiency classical. Well proved the most various ways.

Usual water

It is possible to use both water from reservoirs, and water. It wash out places of stings with additional use of a laundry soap. Effectively removes burning and an itch imposing of the bandages impregnated with abrupt soap solution which are applied for 30-40 minutes with small intervals.

Salt and soda

Are used separately or as a part of the combined means. Prefer as their solutions. For preparation of mix it is necessary to part an incomplete spoon of soda in a glass of water. Also hypertensive salt solution prepares. Proportions for preparation of the combined mix remain invariable. It is possible to rub with the prepared solution the affected skin or to cover with the moistened napkins in the form of damp cold compresses. It not only will reduce an itch, but also considerably will help with fight against hypostasis. Soda is also successfully applied in the form of the kashitseobrazny weight consisting of soda powder and several drops of water.

Ointments on the basis of menthol

Any ointment or balm which contains in the structure of substance with the similar reflex and distracting type of action can be applied on area of stings of midges. It will help to reduce pain and burning. The same effect can be reached by drawing by a thin layer of mint toothpaste. The only restriction for their use – absence of open wounds and defects of skin.


Has quite good antiedematous effect. It is applied in the form of rubbing or the damp drying compress. For solution preparation vinegar gets divorced water in half
concentration (1:1). Duration of a lotion should not exceed 40-50 minutes. After a while procedure can be repeated, previously having greased skin with alcohol.


It is possible to find this plant in nature. Its medical effect is known from old times. For the correct application it is necessary to crush (to pound) a stalk or a leaf of a plant to receive juice on its surface. The prepared weight is put to the bitten places and closed a bintovy or gauze bandage. In an ideal it needs to be changed in 2-3 hours.

Veronika medicinal

Treats plants with good anti-inflammatory and antiallergic action. Before use prepare broth from the dried-up and crushed parts. It has to be rather strong and concentrated. A way of drawing – wiping of the affected skin or 1,5-2 chasovy compress with additional concealment by polyethylene and bandaging. It should be noted efficiency of a plant at stings of the majority of insects and spiders.

Onion and parsley

One of the most available make-shifts. It is possible to use them by means of two ways. At the first the bulb on two or three longitudinal parts which are put to sore points is simply cut. At the second way onions are crushed on a tertka in kashitseobrazny weight and give all the best on a gauze or directly to stings with the subsequent imposing of a bandage. For applying of parsley its leaves are kneaded previously to a juice exit.

Sal ammoniac and medical alcohol

Has quite good vasoconstrictive effect at the expense of what reduction of hypostasis and inflammatory manifestations is reached. It is not applied in the form of compresses. In pure form it is useful for them to grease the struck itching sites. Is admissible to repeat rubbing with small intervals. Ethyl alcohol in 96% of concentration is in the same way applied. If from it to prepare poluspirtovy solution, it can be applied in the form of the damp drying or short-term oilcloth compress.


Plant leaves are applied. It is necessary or crush them in kashitseobrazny weight, or to pound before receiving juice and having laid on stings, to record a bintovy or plastyrny bandage.

Boric alcohol or water solution of boric acid

Has protivozudny and good antiseptic effect. Alcohol is applied in the form of natiraniye which can be repeated several times. Boric acid is applied in the form of cold applications which smenivatsya in process of drying of bandages.

The talker from vodka, vinegar, water and validol

Really national method of treatment as it is checked by the real testers on own experience. It is necessary for preparation of mix on one tablespoon of vodka and vinegar, divorced in half of glass of water. To the prepared structure dissolve two tablets of validol crushed in powder. It is better to apply the talker in the form of lotions, previously having cooled her up to the low temperatures. Thanks to multidirectional action of all components the quite good anesthetizing, antiedematous and protivozudny effect is reached.

Medicinal collecting from bark of an oak, a St. John’s Wort and a peppermint

Sting of a midge – symptoms, an itch and hypostasis from a sting of a midge what to do?

Prepare the specified plants infusion. Equal parts of all components are necessary for its preparation (about a tablespoon) which are filled in 300-400 ml of boiled water and supporting boiling on light fire, are drawn during 14-15 rumple. Infusion is completely ready to application after filtering and cooling. It is most correct to put to places of stings of a midge of a lotion which will replace in process of their evaporation.

Cabbage leaf

Typical error of most of fans of this folk remedy – use of the whole leaves. These can cause only aggravation of a state at the expense of a skin podparivaniye in places of stings. It is most correct to crush a leaf in homogeneous mass as the most valuable is cabbage juice. Then it is applied on affected areas.

Essential oils

The quite good recipe at stings of a midge is submitted by such structure: tablespoon of vegetable oil, 5-6 drops of lemon essential oil, some drops of mint oil. Components carefully mix up and after treatment of gauze or wadded bandages by them keep within on a skin surface. Over a gauze layer it is possible to lay a layer of polyethylene which is fixed bandage. Duration of such compress makes about 1,5-2 hours. After the end of procedure skin is greased with spirit solution or boric acid.

Summing up the results of the considered subject It should be noted that it must be kept in mind existence of such small beings as midges when planning active recreation. It is better to expect all possible situations and to stock up with the most necessary means of protection from malicious insects. It not only will make pleasant your rest, but also will prevent problems with health which else can remind a long time of themselves.

Author of article: Koretskaya Lyudmila Mikhaelovna, infectiologist