- Botanical characteristic of a zmeegolovnik
- Useful properties of a zmeegolovnik
- Application of a zmeegolovnik
- Seeds of a zmeegolovnik
- Cultivation of a zmeegolovnik
- Zmeegolovnik as melliferous herb
- Zmeegolovnik Moldavian
- Zmeegolovnik krupnotsvetkovy
- Zmeegolovnik overseas
- Zmeegolovnik Ryuysha
- Contraindications to application of a zmeegolovnik
Botanical characteristic of a zmeegolovnik
Zmeegolovnik – this unique perennial plant which has an upright branchy stalk up to 80 cm long and a rod thin root. Its opposite leaves of an oblong form possess gear edges. Beautiful violet flowers are collected in false verticils on some pieces and evenly located on clustery inflorescences.
The four-nut fruit breaks up to dark seeds which have no dormant period: they without effort sprout right after collecting. During a wind the ripened seeds get enough sleep from the lower verticils. Some seeds can sprout in the fall, but during a frost they perish. Others sprout in the spring. Zmeegolovnik it is possible to use in the form of seedling as this plant covers the earth with a smart green carpet of sprouts.
Useful properties of a zmeegolovnik
Long since the zmeegolovnik was applied not only in Tibetan, but also in the Indian medicine as the calming, knitting, anticonvulsive and strengthening means. Often it is used at neuralgia, at tachycardia, migraines, a toothache, and also during catarrhal diseases. Infusion of the presented herbal strengthens activity of all digestive bodies, stimulating appetite. Besides, this plant well influences immune system of the person, has anti-toxic and zhelchegonny effect, reduces the maintenance of a glycogen in blood and improves work of kidneys. In addition, the zmeegolovnik is effective at bruises and stomatitis, and also for fast healing of the suppurating wounds. It should be noted that essential oil of a zmeegolovnik possesses antiseptic, light laxative and spazmolitichesky action that allows to suppress development of pathogenic mushrooms. And the most important that all microorganisms do not develop to it stability even at rather long contact. Moreover, special favorable influence of a zmeegolovnik at some inflammatory gynecologic diseases and dysfunctions was noted.
Application of a zmeegolovnik
Quite often the herbal of a zmeegolovnik is applied to aromatization of drinks in a candy store and the canning industry. Greens can be put in various summer salads and soups, and also in fish broths. This plant will become juicy addition to any meat dishes. Zmeegolovnik perfectly keeps the smell in the dried-up look throughout a long time, allowing to add all the year round it to teas, compotes or at conservation of vegetables.
It is considered that this herbal is one of the best melliferous herbs. If it is required to lodge bees in a new beehive, skilled beekeepers rub with a zmeegolovnik new dwellings for little toilers.
Seeds of a zmeegolovnik
In March or at the beginning of April it is possible to land seeds of a zmeegolovnik on seedling, they start blossoming in the middle of July, and only in the fall process of blossoming comes to the end. Shoots of seeds are capable to transfer a short cold snap, but it is not lower than 12 degrees of frost. Or it is possible to vyseivat seeds in soil at the end of May, depth thus should not be more than 11,5 cm. Collecting seeds is made when their full maturity is observed and on the lower part of an inflorescence.
Cultivation of a zmeegolovnik
After crops shoots of a herbal appear very quickly – approximately in a week. This plant is unpretentious, care of it is simple and consists only in loosening of row-spacings and in destruction of weeds. To grow up seed plants, it is necessary to leave about 30 cm in rows, and for receiving greens it is possible to grow up a plant and in zagushchenny crops. Thus the content of essential oil does not decrease, and the crop of a herbal increases. The crop of a zmeegolovnik can make to 2 kg.
Zmeegolovnik as melliferous herb
Zmeegolovnik is an excellent melliferous herb. It gives to bees a large amount of nectar and pollen. Flowers of a zmeegolovnik allocate a nectar maximum, since disclosure of stamens and before maturing of a pestle. When there is no wind, the blossoming escapes of a zmeegolovnik exhale improbable honey aroma, attracting a great number of bumblebees and bees. It is known that bees easily can collect from one hectare of crops not less than 200 kg of colourless honey enough quality. Such honey differs in a delicate lemon perfume. In droughty summer the nektaroproduktivnost of a plant can decrease twice.
Zmeegolovnik Moldavian represents a cold-resistant and unpretentious plant which can also be characterized as undemanding to the soil and quite drought-resistant. To accelerate growth, in an initial stage of vegetation this herbal needs frequent moistening of the soil, otherwise it will lag behind considerably in growth and will quickly fade. The zmeegolovnik Moldavian very long, since July and until the end of September blossoms.
Zmeegolovnik krupnotsvetkovy is a perennial plant, but happens that is grown up and as one-year. As a rule, this herbal excellently grows on open sites – both in a shadow, and on the sun. Such grade demands the friable and fat soil. Height of a bush makes about 40 cm. Reproduction of this plant is carried out by crops of seeds. Flowers of this type of a zmeegolovnik, as a rule, the dark blue. Such herbal both in medicine, and in cookery is used, and it is simple as an ornamental plant. Oil of the presented herbal reminds on a smell balm that allows to use it as well in perfumery production.
Zmeegolovnik overseas grows in Siberia, northwest Mongolia, northwest China. This look prefers shchebnisty and stony southern slopes, and also sometimes lodges in a mountain belt. The plant rhizome thick and stiffening, and height of stalks varies from 15 to 65 cm. Leaves of such herbal top, sedentary or korotkochereshkovy, with an uneven edge. Flowers form top inflorescences the size okolo10 see.
Zmeegolovnik Ryuysha is widespread as Siberia and Kazakhstan, and in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Also it meets and in the Far East. Often he can be met in dry pine forests, in steppes, on edges or in mountains. The thick rhizome is added with high stalks up to 50 cm high. Such zmeegolovnik often surprises with the second aestivo-autumnal generation of escapes. This unpretentious herbal has no dormant period.
Contraindications to application of a zmeegolovnik
Contraindication for this plant is its and ndividualny intolerance.